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Southern Great Wall 中国南方长城   

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Have you ever heard of this place? Yes, besides The Great Wall of China, mainly located in the northern and western part of the country, there is southern Great Wall of China! It is also called Miaojiang Great Wall 苗疆长城or Southern Great Wall - a series of fortifications in Xiangxi Autonomous Region of Tujia and Miao in Hunan Province. In total Southern Great Wall is 190 km with the largest located in Fenghuang County famous for Phoenix Ancient Town.

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Southern Great Wall was built in 1554 during the times of Ming Dynasty. The main purpose of building of the wall was the necessity of defense from ethnic groups especially Miao living in the south. The whole process of construction was completed in 1662. The wall is 3 metres high and 2 metres wide. There are over 1,300 blockhouses and watchtowers. At that time, about 5000 soldiers used to be stationed along the section. By size the Southern Great Wall is smaller than Northern Great Wall. The reason is that military power of Miao ethnic group wasn't very strong, so there was no need in building it the same way as main Great Wall.

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Though not many foreign travelers have heard of Southern Great Wall, indeed, it is one of the greatest and most important ancient constructions in Chinese history.

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Important Information:

Opening hours: 07:30-18:00 (spring and summer), 08:00-17:30 (autumn and winter)

Ticket: RMB 45

Address: Fenghuang County, Hunan Province 湖南省凤凰县

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